Nyatapola Temple (Nyata “ङाता” = 5 Storeys “तल्ला & Pola “पोलँ” = Roof “छाना”)
Taumadi tole, Bhaktapur
Built in by Malla King Bhupatindra Malla
The Nyatapola temple is considered to be one of the tallest and amongst the few 5 tiered temples ever built in Nepal. It is located in the premices of Bhaktapur Durbar Square. It was built only in 17 months after the start of construction. It was built in the time when Taj Mahal was under construction. It is built in the traditional style using, terracotta bricks and tiles, wood and surki mortar 107 ft tall, the magnificent temple stand on 5 plinths with a central staircase leading to the main shrine. Guarding the entrance at each plinth are pairs of demi-gods, in hierarchal order of strength. The lowest plinth has the colossal seated, stone images of robust and mustached humans as guards, Jaimall and Patta, both elaborately dressed with turbans and holding a staff in their right hands. The second plinth has a pair of elephants, followed by a pair of lions and higher above a pair of griffins. The highest plinth has the humanoid forms of the lioness and tigress. The steep stirs lead to the main sanctum, the garbhagriha dedicated to Goddess Siddhilaksmi.
This magnificent temple amazingly survived the devastating earthquake of 2015 CE, with only a few of its terracotta tiles being displaced. Records of the previous massive earthquake of 1934 CE also mention that this temple stood intact, with only the finial or the gajura being displaced. The roof of this temple was restored by the local administration or the Nagarpalika in 1998 CE. It is a part of UNESCO World Heritage Center.