Janakpur Dham is also known as Mithila and is the headquarter of Dhanusa District and Janakpur Zone of Nepal. It is the fastest developing city and is headquarter of Province 2. Janakpur Dham was founded in the early 18 century. In ancient time it was the capital of the Videha Dynasty and was ruled by King Janak (Lord Janak). Janakpur is famous for the Birthplace of Goddess Sita, the daughter of King Janak and wife of Lord Ram. Goddess Sita is also called Janaki because she was the daughter of King Janak. The pilgrims from all over the world visit here but the main visitor of this place are Nepalese and Indians. Janakpur is a holy place for Hindus. This city is situated about 123(76miles) away from Kathmandu in the south-east. The Nepal Railways operates between India and Janakpur and is the only railway in Nepal. It means that you will not be going to find any other rail in Nepal except Janakpur. Janakpur is playing a very vital role in Nepal tourism.
Places to visit in Janakpur
Janaki Mandir (Janaki Temple)
Janaki Mandir is a temple of Hindu in Janakpur in Mithila region of Nepal. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Sita. The temple is an example of Hindu-Koiri Architecture. The temple covers 4860 sq. feet and is 50 m high. It is constructed in a combined style of Koiri and Mughal domes. Janaki temple is 3 story architecture made entirely of stones and marbles. In the middle of the architecture, there is the main temple of the goddess Janaki. The temple is also known as Nau Lakha Mandi (means ‘Nine Lakhs’). because the temple was contracted with the cost of Nine lakhs Rupees (i.e. nine hundred thousand rupees) at that time. This temple was built by Queen Vrisha Bhanu of Tikamgarh of India in 1898 AD. In 1647 Sannyasi Shurkishordas found a golden statue of the goddess Sita and the place is said to be the birthplace of goddess Janaki (Sita). In the front of Janaki Mandir, there is Laxman Temple. Laxman temple is dedicated to the God Laxman, half-brother of Lord Ram. You can visit the museum which is located in Janaki Mandir.
Vivah Mandap is Located beside the Janaki Mandir. Lord Ram and Goddess Sita were supposed to be married at the same place. Vivah Mandap is also called Marwa. Vivah Mandap and Marwa mean “The place where the marriage takes place in Hindu religion”.
Ram Mandir is one of the oldest temple in Janakpur which was built in 1782. It is in a stone yard southeast of the Janaki Mandir. It is constructed in the classic tiered pagoda style of the hills. The temple is mainly dedicated to Lora Rama but there are many small shrines of Hanuman, Lord Shiva and goddess Durga around the compound. In the same compound, there is another temple called Rajdevi temple. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Rajdevi Mai.
Krishna Mandir is another temple near Malpot and it is 2 story temple. It is a new temple built a few years earlier. It is located near Ram mandir. During Krishna Janmasthami festival, people do a huge celebration. In Bhanu Chowk, local people build large of statues of Lord Krishna and other gods and goddesses. During the festival, people perform folk dance and also perform the drama on the story of Lord Krishna. And during Dashain, the same type of festival is celebrated along with very famous JhiJiya Dance.
Baba Bhoothnath Mandir
Bhoothnath mandir is a Shiva Temple in Janakpur and is located beside the Ganga Sagar pond.
Ponds in Janakpur
Janakpur is also known as the city of ponds and hermitages. There are about 72 historic and religious ponds scattered in the city. Among all these temples Gangasagar, Dhanush Sagar, Gordhowa Pokhari, Argaja, Maharjsagar aka Dashrathsagar, Viharkund, Suryakund, Agnikund etc. The main festival of Tarai of Nepal is Chhath and is celebrated on the bank of the ponds. So during this festival people of the city visit the ponds in order to worship the goddess, Chhati Mai. The number of people gather on the bank of Gangasagar pond is maximum than any other pond. It is supposed that goddess Sita used to wash her leg in the pond called Gordhowa pond.
It is a ground near Ramanand Chowk and is of 12 Bigha(81271.56-meter square). Large programs are conducted in this ground. Here the programs of the various festival are conducted.
Ramanand Chowk is the main chowk of Janakpur and is located on Dhulikhel Sindhuli Bhirtamod Highway. There is a huge beautiful architecture on the chowk which identifies Janakpur city.
Main Festivals of Janakpur
The main festival of Janakpur is Vivaha Panchami, Ram Nawami, Dashain, Tihar, Chhath, Krishna Janmasthami, and Holi. During the festival of Ram Nawami and Vivaha Panchami, thousands of people visit Janakpur from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and other countries.
How to get to Janakpur Dham
There is a national airport in Janakpur so, from Kathmandu, you can get an air ticket and can visit Janakpur by plane. You can also get the Bus ticket from Gausala, Sundhara, and Kalanki. Make sure you are doing the prebooking for the ticket. You can also Sumo service from Koteshwor Kathmandu but you need to get sumo in morning time before 10 am. You need not book ticket of Sumo but it is good to book. After you visit you can search a good Hotels there, get fresh and start to enjoy the birthplace of Goddess Sita.