Introduction of Gadhimai Festival
Gadhimai festival is the festival of sacrifice which is celebrated in Mahagadhimai Municipality in the Gadhimai temple in every five years. It is one of the Biggest festivals in Nepal. The temple is located in the south-central part of Nepal about 7 to 8-hour drive from Kathmandu. The Mahagadhimai municipality is located near the border of Nepal and Bihar(India). The world’s biggest animal sacrifice is conducted at the Gadhimai Temple in every 5 years during the festival. You can visit the temple on any day throughout the year but the main festival is the Gadhimai festival.
During the festival, animals are sacrificed with the hope that the sacrifice will lead to the fulfillment of wishes by the goddess Gadhimai. The Gadhimai ritual begins with Pancha Bali i.e. with the sacrifice of five animal comprising a goat, a rat, a rooster, a pigeon, and a pig. It was estimated that about 3000,000 to 500,000 male animals were sacrificed on the day of the festival. Only the male animals are sacrificed in the Hindu religious festival. During the festival, it was estimated that about 5 million people visited the Gadhimai temple during the festival.
History of Gadhimai Festival
About 260 years ago, Bhagwan Chaudhary, a feudal landlord was imprisoned in Makawanpur Jail. Bhagwan Chaudhary in the prison dreamed that all his problems would be resolved if he made a blood sacrifice to Goddess Gadhimai. Goddess released Bhagwan Chaudhary from the prison by making all the guards sleepy. Immediately after his release from the prison, he went to a local village faith healer for a advice, where Dukha Kachadiya, the healer’s descendent, started the ritual with drops of his own blood from five different parts of his body. Then when the light appeared in the earthenware jar, the ritual of the sacrifice began and till now the ritual is celebrated as a festival of Gadhimai.
Rules Against the Sacrifice
Most of the animals were imported from UP and Bihar, States of India but in the year 2014, the government of India banned the export of animals (especially the male Buffalo and the male goats(BOKA)) for the sacrifice during the Gadhimai festival. So the pilgrims from India who promised to sacrifice the male animals had to buy animals from Local villages of Nepal. All the sacrifice is done in two days. It means that about 300,000- 500,000 male animals are sacrificed in two days. That’s why the festival is also known for its highest number of Sacrifice in the world. This ritual is condemned all over the globe and the animal rights activists are fighting against it. After many files against the sacrifices, the government of Nepal ordered the management to manage the sacrifice in a proper way, and no photography and videography will be allowed in the upcoming festival.
How to get to the Gadhimai Temple
If you are trying to get to the Gadhimai Temple from Bihar then you can take a guide from local people or you can visit firstly Birganj and then Kalaiya and finally to the Temple from Kalaiya. There are many other routes to get to the temple. Prefer your best route.
If you are planning to get to Gadhimai Temple from Kathmandu then you can get Night Bus and Tata Sumo from Kathmandu to Birganj or Kalaiya. If you prefer Night Bus then you have to pre-book your ticket and if you prefer Tata Sumo then you can get it from Balkhu, Kathmandu.
If you are planning to visit the temple from any other part of Nepal then you can get the bus to Birganj and from Birganj, you can get a bus to Kalaiya and from Kalaiya you can get Auto Riksajs and Bus to Gadhimai Temple.
Note: If you need any help or have any query regarding our post or how to get to Gadhimai temple during the festival then you can contact on the number +977 9811800324 or you can mail us on [email protected] .
Dates of Gadhimai Temple
The festival of Gadhimai temple is celebrated every five years according to the Hindu calendar. The next festival is going to be celebrated on 3rd December of 2019 A.D. Last time the Gadhimai festival was celebrated in Nov 27, 2014.
phone : +977 9811800324
Mail: [email protected]